Configuring the Azure VM for SQL Server connectivity


In the last SQL Bangalore UG meeting, I had talked about how to use the Custom Scripting component in Azure to run the post configuration operations on an Azure VM which was hosting a SQL Server instance. The post configuration options that I am going to talk about in this post are necessary for you to be able to connect to your SQL Server instance on an Azure VM from a Management Studio running on your on-premise machine.

Before you can connect to the instance of SQL Server from the Internet, the following tasks must be completed:

  • Configure SQL Server to listen on the TCP protocol and restart the Database Engine.
  • Open TCP ports in the Windows firewall.
  • Configure SQL Server for mixed mode authentication.
  • Create a SQL Server authentication login.
  • Create a TCP endpoint for the virtual machine. This would normally be done while providing the endpoint configuration if you are using the Azure Management Portal wizard.

If you had used an Image from the Image gallery, then you will get a default database engine installed with the TCP/IP port configured as 1433. I had written a post earlier which walks through an Azure VM creation using a SQL Server image from the image gallery.

Here I am going to talk about how to automate the bulleted points mentioned above using PowerShell and the Custom Script extension that the Azure provides. This is going to be a long read… So I suggest you get a coffee before you start reading further!

Continue reading