Azure Storage and SQL Server – Part 5

In this post, we will start checking if the SQL Server files are following best practices for Azure storage recommendations. In Part 4 of this series, I had written about how to identify the temporary drive on an Azure Virtual Machine. I am going to use that snippet of code to perform the file layout test that I will perform here.

The script performs the following operations:

1. Finds out the temporary drive letter

2. The script first finds out if the Azure Virtual Machine is a D-series machine or not.

3. Then it fetches the file location from the SQL Server instance using the Invoke-Sqlcmd cmdlet.

4. Using the above information, it determines if files are present on the temporary drive or not.

If this is a D-Series virtual machine, then the script will not report a warning if it finds the tempdb files on the temporary drive as it is supported. For any other series, the script will report an issue since database files residing on the temporary drive are not supported on the temporary drive other than the D-Series.

The PowerShell script is available below:

# Find out the IDE drives on the machine which has a SCSI target = 1

$Name = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_DiskDrive -Filter "InterfaceType = `"IDE`" and SCSITargetId = 1" | Select-Object Name

# Find the parition id corresponding to the IDE temporary drive

$Antecedent = "*" + $Name.Name.Replace("\","").Replace(".","") + "*"

$Dependent = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_DiskDriveToDiskPartition | Where-Object {$_.Antecedent -like $Antecedent} | Select-Object Dependent

# Find the logical disk which corresponds to the temporary drive partition

$Antecedent = "*" + $Dependent.Dependent.Split("`"")[1] + "*"

$TempDrive = (Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_LogicalDiskToPartition | Where-Object {$_.Antecedent -like $Antecedent} | Select-Object Dependent).Dependent.Split("`"")[1]

Write-Host "INFO: Temporary drive on the machine is:" $TempDrive -Foregroundcolor Red

# Variable to track if this is a D-Series VM

[boolean] $DSeries = $false

# Using Get-AzureVM to get the instance size property

$InstanceSize = Get-AzureVM -ServiceName "<azure service name>" -Name "<azure vm name>" | Select-Object InstanceSize

# Find out if this is a D-Series VM

if ($InstanceSize.InstanceSize -like "*_D*")


$DSeries = $true


# Get the location of the database files from the system catalog

$dbfiles = Invoke-Sqlcmd -ServerInstance "." -Database "master" -Query "select physical_name, name, db_name(database_id) as dbname, type_desc from sys.master_files"

# Run a foreach loop to determine if any user or system database files are on the temporary drive other than the tempdb

foreach ($file in $dbfiles)


# Tempdb can be hosted on the temporary drive on D-Series VMs

if ($DSeries-eq $true)


if ($file.physical_name.substring(0,2) -eq $TempDrive -and $file.dbname -ne "tempdb")


Write-Host "ISSUE:" $file.dbname "(Filename:" $ " Location:" $file.physical_name") found on temporary drive" $TempDrive -ForegroundColor Red



# Report any databases on temporary drive for non-D-Series VMs



if ($file.physical_name.substring(0,2) -eq $TempDrive)


Write-Host "ISSUE:" $file.dbname "(Filename:" $ " Location:" $file.physical_name") found on temporary drive" $TempDrive -ForegroundColor Red




Please keep in mind that the above script has not been tested for mount points.

Previous post in the series

Azure Storage and SQL Server – Part 1
Azure Storage and SQL Server – Part 2
Azure Storage and SQL Server – Part 3
Azure Storage and SQL Server – Part 4


Azure Storage

Azure Subscription and Service Limits, Quotas, and Constraints

* This blog post has been written based on the service details available on 10th November, 2014.